It’s a shame about Turing and other code breakers in WW2

Alan_Turing_photoAlan Turing was best known for developing the Bombe, a code-breaking machine that deciphered messages encoded  by German machines in the Second World War. His work is considered by many to have saved thousands of lives and helped change the course of the Second  World War. According to Jethro Mullen (CNN news) Turing, who was  later object  to chemical castration for homosexual activity, has received a royal pardon nearly 60 years after he committed suicide, as the official version asserts, with an apple that contained cyanure.

An online petition in 2009 that drew tens of thousands of signatures was successful in getting an apology from then-Prime Minister Gordon Brown for Turing’s treatment by the justice system in the 1950s. Brown described the Turing sentence as “appalling.”

As it is known, Turing was a  mathematical genius. He invented the Turing machine, which is considered to have formed the basis of modern computing. This was a hypothetical device that could come up with a solution to any problem that is computable. Which, so far, was not possible.

Through this machine he was able in World War II there were lots of messages that could be decodified and therefore,  it provided the Allies with crucial informations. The German messages were encoded by Enigma machines, which Adolf Hitler’s military believed made its communications impenetrable by any enemy.

At that time, code breakers were usual,  and women were crucial in this task: according to Charlotte Lytton (CNN News) Far from being a group of experienced decoders, the estate’s recruits mainly consisted of young teenage military personnel, a crossword geniuses who had been able to complete The Daily Telegraph’s puzzle in less than 12 minutes, and numerous 18-year-old girls plucked from their quiet home towns. Bletchley Park’s , were this women stayed, was a simple yet effective checking system proved crucial in the defeat of Hitler’s regime.
These women made great effort to fight against the Nazis in World War II, although they haven’t been  recognised due to the secrecy policy enmeshed in these activities. This secrecy veil was lifted in the year 2000 when all these documents were released .In both cases, Turing and code breaker women, it is necessary as it has recently happened with Turing , to appreciate  and not to forget in any case the great effort that these people made in decodification and the lives that they saved during the conflict.
Bibliography:
Jethro Mullen (December 24, 2013) Retrieved January 15, 2014 from http://edition.cnn.com/2013/12/24/world/europe/alan-turing-royal-pardon/index.html?iref=allsearch
HilaryWhiteman (September 1, 2009)  Retrieved January 15, 2014 from http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/europe/09/01/alan.turing.petition/index.html?iid=article_sidebar
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