Alan Turing was best known for developing the Bombe, a code-breaking machine that deciphered messages encoded by German machines in the Second World War. His work is considered by many to have saved thousands of lives and helped change the course of the Second World War. According to Jethro Mullen (CNN news) Turing, who was later object to chemical castration for homosexual activity, has received a royal pardon nearly 60 years after he committed suicide, as the official version asserts, with an apple that contained cyanure.
An online petition in 2009 that drew tens of thousands of signatures was successful in getting an apology from then-Prime Minister Gordon Brown for Turing’s treatment by the justice system in the 1950s. Brown described the Turing sentence as “appalling.”
As it is known, Turing was a mathematical genius. He invented the Turing machine, which is considered to have formed the basis of modern computing. This was a hypothetical device that could come up with a solution to any problem that is computable. Which, so far, was not possible.
Through this machine he was able in World War II there were lots of messages that could be decodified and therefore, it provided the Allies with crucial informations. The German messages were encoded by Enigma machines, which Adolf Hitler’s military believed made its communications impenetrable by any enemy.