The book “The American Revolution: a concise History” is a perfect example of a very good History book. The autor is Robert J. Allison, an american writer. His work is very complete and really well written, although it is true that sometimes in might be a little complex for someone who is not used to History books, because of the great quantity of information. The topic is really interesting, because if there’s a war which changed completely the world’s political scenario, that is, without any doubt, the American Revolution. It’s called the American Revolution the time when British colonists in America rebelled against the rule of Great Britain. There were many battles fought and the colonies gained their freedom and became the independent country of the United States. The American Revolutionary War lasted from 1775 until 1783.
Before the American Revolution, there were several British Colonies in the Americas. Not all of them participated in the revolution. There were 13 colonies which ended up rebelling. These were Delaware, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, New Hampshire, New York, and Rhode Island. One of the main reasons that the colonists rebelled against Great Britain is that they felt they were not represented in the British government. The British government was making new laws and taxes on the colonies, but the colonies had no say. They wanted to have some say in the British government if they were going to pay high taxes and have to live by British law.
War didn’t happen right away. First there were protests and arguments. Then some small skirmishes between the colonists and the local British army. Things just got worse and worse over the course of years until the colonies and Great Britain were at war. The British had many advantages in the war, including a large, well-trained army and navy and many Loyalists who supported the British Empire. But many white colonists were alienated by Lord Dunmore’s promise of freedom to slaves who joined the royal army, and were inspired by Thomas Paine’s Common Sense. Excellent leadership by George Washington, the aid of such European nations as France and tactical errors by British commanders contributed to the American victory. British strategy called for crushing the rebellion in the North. Several times the British nearly defeated the Continental Army. But victories at Trenton and Princeton, N.J., in late 1776 and early 1777 restored patriot hopes, and victory at Saratoga, N.Y., which halted a British advance from Canada, led France to intervene on behalf of the rebels.
Finally, the patriots defeated the British army (the british royalty didn’t want to spend more money in that expensive war). The new government of the United States was different than the government of the colonist’s homeland, Great Britain. They followed what had been previously written on the Declaration of Independence, and decided that they didn’t want to be ruled by a king anymore. They wanted a government that was ruled by the people. The new government would be a democratic government with leaders elected by the people and balances of power to make sure that no one could become king.
There were a lot of consequences because of the revolution, but some of the most importants were: about 7,200 Americans died in battle during the Revolution. Another 10,000 died from disease or exposure and about 8,500 died in British prisons; a quarter of the slaves in South Carolina and Georgia escaped from bondage during the Revolution. The Northern states outlawed slavery or adopted gradual emancipation plans; the states adopted written constitutions that guaranteed religious freedom, increased the legislature’s size and powers, made taxation more progressive, and reformed inheritance laws. As mentioned before, this changed the political situation, and became U.S.A. in the most powerful country of the world (as it is nowadays).
- “The American Revolution: a concise History” (book), Robert J. Allison.
- “American Revolution Blog”, created by Brad Hart, from http://americanrevolutionblog.blogspot.com.es/
- “Boston 1775 Blog”, whose editor is J.L. Bell, from http://boston1775.blogspot.com.es/